Website of the Laceby History Group

In the Beginning

IN THE BEGINNING ........

there was no England, no Lincolnshire, and no Laceby.

The Midlands and South of our Country were attached to a land mass roughly equating to North Europe, whilst the North of England and Scotland were part of a land mass that was to become North America. This was some 450 million years ago with the two land masses separated by water and lying much closer to the equator. Over the next 400 million years the land masses changed form, drifted, were over-run by water, torn apart by volcanic activity and it is only in the last 26 million years that our Country has began to take the shape that we know today.

Within the last two million years the tropical climate changed to temperate and then to cold climate heralding the ice age. For unknown reasons the world climate changed and the cold polar waters repeatedly advanced southwards. In these cold periods the average temperature for the whole year was alwEqS below freezing and the mountain areas became centres of glacial growth which spread to form an ice cap over the low lying ground. It is calculated that ice sheets over one thousand metres thick reached the South of England. Between these periods of intense cold there were warm almost tropical periods with lUxuriant forests and hippopotami living in our own area. The last ice age was only some ten thousand years ago, followed by a very warm period.

The landscape of our country is greatly influenced in form and shape by the glacial activities, and the essential rounded features of our countryside are due to the wearing action of the ice. There is much evidence of the existence of an early form of man, but the earliest proof of homo-sapiens dates back a mere thirty five thousand years - and in the declining glaciation period. It is this form of man that is the beginning of human history and it is known that he was a cave dweller, hunting reindeer, mammoth and woolly rhinocerous.

 

It is at this point that we return in particular to Laceby • • •

In 1935 during excavation for sand in a pit in Cemetery Road a Mammoth' s tusk was unearthed. It is with regret that the knowledge of preserving such items was not as it is today, and the tusk was not maintained intact despite its burial for thousands of years. Today the remains of the tusk are preserved at the Museum in Lincoln and were last on display at the Laceby History Group's Farm Exhibition in 1911 as part of the Jubilee celebrations. We will never know, of course, if the tusk was the remains of a Mammoth that once roamed this area, or whether it was carried down by glacial action.

Much of North Lincolnshire after the melting of the last ice age lay under water and is referred to as the Humber Lake. Slowly man ceased to be nomadic and there is evidence of iron and bronze age settlements as nearby as Kirmington. It is probable that our ancestors were part of a very powerful group or tribe known as the Coritani. It is almost impossible for the mind to span the hundereds of millions of years taken for the evolution of our country, particularly when the time scale of human man is measured in a mere few thounsand years with clear evidence for our area of only two to three thousand years.

The authentic history of Laceby, based on facts as known today, date back perhaps some 1600 years. It is at this point that we have positive evidence of Roman influence, followed by the Saxon and Nordic invasions taking us into the sixth and seventh centuries.